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Guide to Aquarium

Those who OWN an Aquarium please take part in this group by asking questions or post comment if you like anything,

10/11/10 | me too! | Reply

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Guide to Aquarium
Me, Myself, and I
"Fishtank" redirects here. For other uses, see Fishtank (disambiguation).
For other uses, see Aquarium (disambiguation).
A freshwater aquarium with plants and tropical fish
A well planted aquarium

An aquarium (plural aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium consisting of at least one transparent side in which water-dwelling plants or animals are kept. Fishkeepers use aquaria to keep fish, invertebrates, amphibians, marine mammals, turtles, and aquatic plants. The term combines the Latin root aqua, meaning water, with the suffix -arium, meaning "a place for relating to".

An aquarist owns fish or maintains an aquarium, typically constructed of glass or high strength plastic. Cuboid aquaria are also known as fish tanks or simply tanks, while bowl-shaped aquaria are also known as fish bowls. Size can range from a small glass bowl to immense public aquaria. Specialised equipment maintains appropriate water quality and other characteristics suitable for the aquarium's residents.

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  • How to deal with Algae in Freshwater tank / aquarium.

    I have dozens of fish and 3 aquariums in my room, 1 large, 1 medium and 1 small, that have fishes and If you don't control the Algae, your fishes will be dead hopefully.

    how to deal with this problem???

    Answer: Just add a few spoons of salt in the water, away from the fishes. Don't drop the salt on the fishes!~, not so dangerous but still avoid doing that. And not to add too much salt, if you have a normal size aquarium 300 gallon then add like 5-6 spoons of salt and less if smaller. Algae will be dead next day :) .

    0 Comments 44 weeks

  • Setting Up a New Aquarium

    Location of your aquarium

    So, you bought your very first fish tank. And you probably already decided where to place it. But keep in mind that a fish tank filled with water is much heavier than it seems. So please, place it on something strong and stable.

    It is also advisable to keep your fish tank away from direct, or even indirect, sunlight. Long hours of sunlight will induce algae, something you do not want if you wish to keep your aquarium beautiful.

    Any gravel?

    Skip this part if you plan to have a simple bare-bottom fish tank. Personally, I feel that gravels make an aquarium looks so much nicer. Having gravels also helps hide your fishes' wastes.

    Before you start pouring your gravels into your fish tank, stop! Take a pail, pour your gravels into it instead. Start washing them over and over until the water is decently clear. This is important, as you don't want your fishes to be swimming in chocolate milk.

    Preparing your water

    Water is the single most important element of an aquarium. It is important to prepare your water before adding any fishes, as most tap water contains chemicals like chlorine and chloramine, which are harmful to fishes. So be sure to get a bottle of water conditioner from your favourite pet shop that neutralizes both chlorine and chloramine.

    If you have gravels, be very gentle when pouring water into your tank, so as not to stir up the gravels. A useful tip is to pour your water onto a floating plate or saucer, so as to divert the force of the falling water. Fill water to your preferred height, and add measured amount of your anti-chlorine-and-chloramine water conditioner.

    Setting up your filter

    Setup your filter according to your filter's manual. Make sure that it is working properly as intended, as the filter is a very important part of an aquarium. Your filter provides water circulation, and also oxygenates the water, if your type of filter causes water surface disturbance. If your aquarium is heavily loaded with fishes, and your filter fails for even a few hours, it could be fatal.

    What is cycling?

    "Cycling" is the process where bacterias break down ammonia(NH3) into nitrite(NO2), and from nitrite to nitrate(NO3). Ammonia and nitrite are both very toxic to fishes, and nitrate being the least toxic of the three. Therefore this process is the most important for any aquarium.

    The nitrosomonas species of bacteria starts forming when ammonia is present. They form all around our fish tank, the driftwoods, the substrate, and especially inside our filter. Slowly, they will form into a colony large enough to efficiently breakdown ammonia into nitrite. When nitrite in the water has reached a certain level, the Nitrobacter species of bacteria starts forming. Slowly, they will breakdown the nitrite into nitrate. And finally, nitrate in the water can be removed via the most common and cost-effective method, water changes.

    In a nutshell: Ammonia > Nitrite > Nitrate

    Introduction of ammonia

    These are the various ways of introducing ammonia:

    - "Seeding". Transfer some gravel or filter sponge/wool/etc from an established fish tank into the new one.

    - Fish wastes. Zebra danios are very hardy fishes that are commonly used for cycling.

    - Market prawns. Yes, it will stink.

    - Commercial products.

    Personally, I feel that the "seeding" method would be the most reliable and yields the fastest results.

    Fish method is slow, but adding more fishes does makes the process faster. Just that the fishes might not survive the intense ammonia poisoning. We don't want fishes to die in our new fish tank. It is also not recommended to use feeder fishes for this task, as they often carry diseases.

    Prawn method is easy, throw them in and wait. But be prepared for the smell.

    Commercial products are not the most reliable. Most of us would wonder how much shelf life do these products have. After all, we are talking about live

    0 Comments 173 weeks

  • Altum Angelfish

    Altum Angelfish
    Scientific name: Pterophyllum altum
    The Altum Angelfish is a close relative to the common freshwater angelfish and can be found in a relatively large area around Rio Orinoco and Rio Negro in Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia. It has long been thought and it is still a popular myth, even among experts that the Altum Angel fish (Pterophyllum altum ) only can be found in Rio Orinoco however this is proven incorrect by studies of specimens in different museums that has been collected in a much larger area.

    The Altum Angelfish are not so widely available in the aquarium trade due to being more sensitive and harder to breed then the common freshwater angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) You should however be able to Altum angel fish without to much problem, but you will however have to be prepared to the fact these fish can be quite expensive, especially compared to the regular angel. Anything between 20$ and 50$ are to be considered a normal price depending on size of the Altum Angelfish. Make sure that the fish you buy actually are Altum angelfish since fish sometimes are sold wrongfully as altum angelfish when they in reality are regular angelfish or Peruvian altum angelfish which might be a separate yet undescribed species or a sub species to the regular angelfish.

    The word Altum in their name Altum angel fish is a Latin word that means tall and is a suitable name for this species since they can develope a very high body that can reach 30cm/12" in height while they only reach a length of 15cm/6"

    Altum angelfish is as earlier mentioned considerable more sensitive then the regular angelfish and needs a care similar to that of discus fish. They need due to their height a high aquarium tank and should never be kept in aquariums shallower then 75cm/ 30". The aquariums don’t need to be very large in other aspects and an aquarium that is 120 cm/ 4 ft long is sufficient. The aquarium should be decorated with large pieces of bogwood that if possible should reach the waters surface. Large leafed plants like Amazon swordsplants can also be beneficial and are usually left alone. The water should be kept in very soft water that is not so slightly acidic. A pH level of 4.5-6.5 is suitable for Altum Angelfish. They prefer very warm water and they are best kept in 28-30°C / 82-86°F. The nitrates levels should be kept very low and the water should be slightly circulated to mimic the environments this species are normally found in, in the wild

    Altum angelfish are suitable to be kept with most calm fish, and are ideally kept with other calm species from the same area such as Discus and Tetras. Small fish might be considered food and should not be kept with cardinal and neon tetras since Altum angelfish as all angelfish seems very fond of eating these. They should never be kept with regular angelfish since they can hybridise with (Pterophyllum scalare)

    It is very hard to sex these fish outside the breeding period and the methods that exist are anything but reliable. Altum Angelfish can be breed in aquarium but this is not an easy task. The species can be breed in a similar fashion to the regular angelfish and discus fish. The first obstacle is to get a suitable breeding pair of Altum Angelfish and the best way to get this is to buy a larger group of 8-10 fish which are allowed to form Pairs themselves. The species will then need to be properly conditioned with a varied diet consisting of live and frozen food before getting into spawning condition. Altum angelfish are much pickier when it comes to water condition then the regular angelfish and will only breed in soft acidic water. The parents guard the fry and are usually better parents than regular angelfish. The fry can be feed newly hatch brine shrimp.

    The Altum angelfish is a more delicate flower than the regular angelfish and requires a more caring environment but is without a doubt worth the extra effort.

    0 Comments 176 weeks

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  • John Liu 9/2/11
  • luv Dani.

    hello nice group :) add more details please in blogs have some Luv

  • Bmuzammil
    luv Bmuzammil

    Group is under-construction !Administrator! And I'll be needing your help too so, give your advice or tell a friend who has am aquarium or has a problem that needs to solved even breeding will be discussed and videos how to do it :) o_O

    2/21/10 via Mobile
  • Bmuzammil
    luv Bmuzammil

    I hope you all find what you're looking for within this group and if you want something to share or want to advice me or want me to add in. leave your comments on here or on Forum .

  • Bmuzammil
    luv Bmuzammil

    Share the Love if you like this Group please thank you